Genes determine 60 to 80% of your adult bone mass. To reach your genetic potential peak bone mass you need to supply the essentials – calcium, vitamin D, nutrition, exercise – along with various hormones for support of growth and development of bone. The interaction of environmental factors can influence your genes.
Family history of fractures, particularly of the hip in your mother or father, is a strong risk factor. You may not be able to avoid developing osteoporosis if you have a strong family history. However, you can optimize your lifestyle and decrease risk factors to lessen your risk. You can make a difference with making healthy choices and following a healthy lifestyle.
If you do not know about your family history, ask. It’s better to know than not know. The knowledge may motivate you to pay more attention to your bone health.