Vertebral Fracture Assessment Hologic image

Vertebral Fracture Assessment (VFA)

Vertebral Fracture Assessment is an evaluation of your entire spine done on the same machine as your DXA. The DXA test scans your lower spine. The VFA scans your lower and upper spine. The purpose is to look for fractures of the spine, since the majority of spine fractures do not cause any pain. If… Read more

Vitamin D supplements

Vitamin D

Your body produces active vitamin D3 through a series of orchestrated steps. The natural source of vitamin D3 is the exposure of the skin to UVB radiation from the sun causing conversion of 7-dehydrocholesterol to previtamin D3 in the skin. Other sources of vitamin D include your diet or supplements.   After vitamin D3 is… Read more

Vitamin K dietary source Kale

Vitamin K

Vitamin K is essential in bone metabolism. One role is modifying vitamin K bone-specific proteins, including osteocalcin, that are critical to bone formation. Whether larger amounts of vitamin K than present in a typical diet are needed is uncertain. Contradictory Research Findings There is conflicting evidence on whether dietary or supplementary vitamin K has any… Read more