Peak bone mass

Peak bone mass is the highest amount of bone mass attained after skeletal growth. Bone mass increases throughout childhood and early adulthood to reach a peak in the late 20s to early 30s. Peak bone mass is a major determinant of later risk for osteoporosis and fractures. The bone mass in later life depends upon… Read more



Pregnancy is a time of increased calcium demands. However, you don’t need to increase your calcium intake beyond the recommended daily amounts for your age.  Intestinal absorption increases to compensate for the higher demand. Nevertheless, you still need to pay attention to your daily calcium content in your diet. If you are unable to reach… Read more


Prolia® (denosumab) is a treatment for osteoporosis that was first approved by the FDA in 2010 for use in women with osteoporosis who are high risk for fracture. How Prolia Works Prolia decreases bone turnover by a different mechanism of action than the other FDA-approved medicines for osteoporosis. The discovery of a signaling pathway for… Read more

Proton Pump Inhibitors

Proton pump inhibitors, also known as PPIs, are linked to risk of osteoporosis. Proton pump inhibitors are available both by prescription and in over-the-counter preparations. Common brand names include Nexium®, Prevacid®, Prilosec®, Protonix®, and Zegerid®. Bone Link The exact mechanism is not known but may be due to decreased stomach acid that is necessary for… Read more